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According to a new study by researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden, women who have had one ovary removed (unilateral oophorectomy) have a reduced chance of becoming pregnant after in vitro fertilization (IVF) and give birth to fewer babies than women with both ovaries.
It was previously thought that the remaining ovary could compensate for the loss in women undergoing treatment with IVF. However, this study shows that the surgical removal of an ovary has an adverse effect on fertility.
The researchers found pregnancy was around 30% lower in women with one ovary than those with both ovaries.
The surgical removal of an ovary is sometimes necessary for the treatment of a malignant tumor. Hence, the researchers recommend offering women the option to freeze their eggs before the procedure.
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